In wildlife, it is all about timing. Discover what animals and plants you can watch each month in Argentina.
The elephant seal is the largest of all seals and can be seen in Patagonia from July until April, but the best season is the end of September and October, when you can watch five-ton males battling over females. In Chubut, the ideal places to see them are Península Valdés and Isla Escondida beach (access is on Provincial Route 1, 50 km north of Punta Tombo).
Humpback, Minke and Sei Whales
Killer whales in Patagonia are famous for hunting sea lions and elephant seals by fully exiting the water, a technique called intentional stranding. The best place to see this spectacle is in Punta Norte (Valdés Península, Chubut), from mid-March to early May. It is recommended to go a couple of hours before high tide. Another place to see killer whales is in Caleta Valdés (also in Península Valdés), in October and November.
Dusky dolphin and peale's dolphin
The biggest colony of burrowing parrots in the world can be found in El Cóndor Beach, which can be reached following the Route of the Cliffs (Río Negro). Thousands of couples excavate their nest on cliffs facing the sea, creating a unique spectacle you can witness from the beach. The chicks hatch in November and remain in the nests until January.
Guanacos are a distant relative of the camel and are considered a symbol of Argentina's fauna. They can be found all the way from Tierra del Fuego to San Juan and La Rioja. The best places to watch them are the Valdés Peninsula, and the national parks of Los Glaciares, Perito Moreno and Patagonia (Santa Cruz), Laguna Blanca (Neuquén), Lihué Calel (La Pampa) and Talampaya (La Rioja), Laguna El Diamante (Mendoza) and the Ischigualasto Provincial Park (San Juan).
There are two species of flamingos: the Andean flamingo and the Jame's flamingo. Big reproductive colonies can be found in the lakes of the Puna. Brava Lake (La Rioja), Ansenuza National Park (Córdoba), Laguna de Llancanelo (Mendoza) and Pozuelos Lake (Jujuy) are the best places to watch these flamingos.
Birds of the puna
Cardon cactus blossom
In spring and summer, they get covered with beautiful flowers. You can see them throughout the northeast of Argentina, but the Los Cardones National Park (Salta) is a must-see.
Jacaranda tree blossom
Pink trumpet tree blossom
These trees start to bloom towards the end of the winter and their pink, white and yellow tops, embellishing jungles, parks and streets, are a spectacle worth seeing. In Misiones, they bloom in July, whereas in Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa and the Yungas, they bloom in August and September. In the City of Buenos Aires, the pink trumpet tree blooms in October.
Vicuna shearing festival
Live-shearing is an ancient ritual. Communities gather to herd and shear vicunas taking care not to hurt them. In Catamarca, you can participate in the Chaku in some communities of El Peñón, Calalaste, Antofalla (Antofagasta de la Sierra) and Laguna Blanca.
Migration of the great southern white
Yacare caimans are the South American cousins of the crocodile. In Argentina, two species can be spotted throughout the year in the Iberá Wetlands (Corrientes), in La Estrella Wetlands (Formosa), Jaaukanigás (Santa Fe) and the National Parks: Pilcomayo (Formosa), El Impenetrable (Chaco), Iguazú (Misiones) and Mburucuyá (Corrientes).
The capybara is the largest living rodent in the world and a symbol of Argentina's fauna. They can be found throughout the year in the Iberá Wetlands (Corrientes), La Estrella Wetlands (Formosa), Jaaukanigás (Santa Fe) and the National Parks: El Palmar (Entre Ríos), El Impenetrable (Chaco) and Mburucuyá (Corrientes).
The largest native deer in South America. It can be found all year round in the Iberá Wetlands (spotting them from the Laguna Iberá Portal is almost guaranteed) and in the Mburucuyá National Park (Corrientes). If you are lucky, you may also see them in the Ciervo de los Pantanos National Park (Buenos Aires).
They live in groups in the forests and jungles of the north. They can be seen in the Iberá Wetlands (Corrientes), Jaaukanigás (Santa Fe) and in the National Parks: Chaco and El Impenetrable (Chaco), Pilcomayo (Formosa) and Mburucuyá (Corrientes). Listen for their loud howling at dawn and dusk. It is the best way to find them.
Also known as the Paraguayan anaconda (a relative of the green anaconda), the yellow anaconda is the largest serpent in Argentina. It can measure up to four metres! Although they are active throughout the year, it is easier to find them during the winter, when they go out to lie in the sun. The best places to see them are the La Estrella Wetlands (Formosa) and the Iberá Wetlands (Corrientes).
South american coati
Even though they can be found in most parts of the north region of Argentina, the best place to see them is in Iguazú National Park (Misiones), where they usually wander among tourists searching for food. Remember that you shouldn't feed them as they may get sick or bite you.
Who doesn't want to see toucans? If you go to the Iguazú Falls or other points in the province of Misiones you can see five species, including the Great Toucan, which you can also find in Salta, Jujuy, Tucumán, Chaco and Formosa. In winter it is common for them to come to urban parks and gardens in search of food.
About 12 species of hummingbirds live in the Misiones jungle, and although they are seen all year round, in winter (when there are fewer flowers in the jungle) they visit gardens and parks. In Puerto Iguazú you can see them in flowerbeds, in the flowers of urban trees and in some gardens that receive visits from the public.
The Green Macaw (Ara militaris) is a specialty for birdwatching lovers and a rarity in Argentina: it was considered extinct and since its rediscovery in the Sierras de Tartagal, today it represents the symbol bird of the mountain jungles from Salta. It can be observed between May and August in different municipalities in the north of Salta. If you want to see it, always hire qualified guides from the province of Salta and respect all the rules to care for this species.
Mixed-species Bird Flocks
Ibirá Pytá Blossom
It is an emblem of our fauna, seeing them fly up close is impressive. You can find them in all the national parks of the Andean Patagonia Route, in the Quebrada del Condorito NP and in the Taninga Tunnels (Córdoba), Tierra del Fuego NP. In the mountains of the northwest it is common to see them in the Los Cardones NP and in the Cabra Corral Dam (Salta).
Andean Forest in Autumn
In autumn, just before losing their leaves, the lenga beech, the Antarctic beech, the rauli beech and the Patagonian oak turn yellow, orange and red creating an amazing landscape. You can enjoy the view in the following national parks: Nahuel Huapi, Lanin, Lago Puelo, Los Alerces, Los Glaciares, Perito Moreno and Tierra del Fuego.
Inca Lily Blossom
Cockspur Coral Tree Blossom
Victoria Water Lily Blossom
Migration of the Streaked Prochilod
Argentine Flag Butterfly
Red Deer Rut
In the Luro Park in La Pampa, you can find the red deer rut, a species introduced from Europe that has become part of La Pampa's cultural heritage.
Chilean flamingos can be found in different places, but the largest reproductive colonies live in Mar Chiquita Lake. It is a must-see spectacle.
Palermo Rose Garden in Bloom
The Trevelin (Chubut) tulip field is a unique attraction in Argentina. Every spring, during the month of October and the first days of November, an immense garden of purple, pink, yellow, red, white and orange tulips dresses the foot of the mountain range.